Empire Of Great Seljuk Turks

Empire Of Great Seljuk Turks Map, Army, Flag, Symbol

In Medieval 11th century, the Seljuk Turks of Asia, created a strong rule in Isfahan and Asia Minor that developed a great culture.

The Seljuk Turks (Selçuklular) were a Turkish tribe from Central Asia. They marched to Persia (1037) and set up a glorious state with Isfahan as their main capital. Renamed by modern historians as the Seljuk Empire of Turks (Turkish: Selçuklu Devleti)

Map Of Great Seljuk Empire
map-of-seljuk-turks-empire
Map Of Great Seljuk Empire

Seljuks gets closer to Byzantine frontiers

The Abbasid Caliph who lives in Baghdat, gave their ruler Tughril, the impressive title “Ruler of the east and west of the world” designating the Seljuk warlord as his temporal deputy and defender.

Alp Arslan (Successor of Tughril) expanded significantly upon Tughril’s territories by seizing Armenia and Georgia (1064). Occupied eastern end of the Byzantine Empire borders. (1068) The war between Seljuks and Byzantine was inevitable from then on.

Seljuk Turks Army
great-seljuk-turks
Seljuk Cavalry

Battle Of The Giants: Battle of Manzikert

In 1071 this Seljuk army engaged the legions of the Byzantine ruler Romanos IV Diogenes at Manzikert (Malazgirt) north of Lake Van.  Byzantine legions were strong and heavily outnumbering the Seljuk army. However Seljuk ruler Alp Arslan, used strategic tactics , surrounded and defeated Byzantine legions decisively. Seljuks captured Byzantine Emperor Romanos IV himself. They did not drag him back to capital in victory but release him for a ransom and massive tracts of Byzantine lands.

Battle Of Manzikert 1071

battle-of-manzikert

Rise and Fall of Seljuk Empire

Alp Arslan’s decisive victory at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 effectively broken the Byzantine defence to the Turkish invasion of Asia Minor. With no Byzantine force to stop them, the Seljuk armies flooded into Anatolia, taking control of most of Eastern and Central Anatolian lands.

Map Of Great Seljuk Turks At Its heıght
Map Of Great Seljuk Turks

The reigns of Alp Arslan and his successor Malik Shah, were the most glorious years of the Great Seljuks of Persian lands. The death of the Malik Shah marked the decline of Seljuk Turks and by 1192 the dynasty collapsed. The bir pressure from the Crusaders and new Turkish clans caused the Grand Seljuk Empire to collapse.

Seljuk Turks Flag
Seljuk Turks Flag
Army And Soldiers Of Seljuk Turks
seljuk-empire-soldiers
Soldiers Of Seljuk Turks

Sultanate of Rum in Asia Minor

The remaining Seljuk clans created their new capital at Iconium (Konya) around 1150 and ruled what would be known as the Sultanate of Rum (Anadolu Selçuklu Devleti) The small Seljuk ruling class governed a population that was mostly greek- speaking (Byzantine origins) Christians of Asia Minor, with a large Jewish minority.

Seljuk Sultante Of Rum Map
seljuk-sultante-of-rum-map
Seljuk Sultante Of Rum Map

Seljuk Empire to Ottoman Empire

Just as they had overwhelmed the Byzantines two hundred years before, the Seljuk Empire could not resist the most recent wave of nomadic pressure. The Mongols were approaching from the eastern borders. Once strong Turkish Seljuk army was utterly routed at Battle of Kösedağ against the Mongol tribes.

Seljuk Architecture In Istanbul Turkey
seljuk-architecture
An example of Seljuk Architecture in Istanbul.

Mini vassal city-states were established in Asia Minor after the collapse of Seljuk Empire. Among the new warlord principalities of the 1290s was one based near İznik (Nicaea) on the Byzantine frontier and led by a leader named Osman Bey (Othman Ghazi) grew quickly in strength and size. Osman was about to establish one of the mightiest empires of the world: Ottoman Empire.

Map Of Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire Map

Selçuklu Devleti or Seljuk Empire left a diverse heritage to Turkey.

Seljuk government was tolerant of all races and religions. Many of Churches and synagogues built during their rule in Asia Minor. most of the finest examples of Seljuk architecture, such as mosques, caravansary and palaces can be seen majorly in central and eastern part of Turkey (Anatolia). Erzurum (Theodosiopolis) , Sivas (Caesareia) and Konya (Iconium)

Growth of Ottoman Empire from a Kingdom into an Empire

Ottomans raised to power in the same lands following the collapse of Seljuk Sultanate Of Rum, which is the successor of Empire of Great Seljuk Turks. When Seljuks torn into pieces as many vassal states, Ottomans were just one of the little states in the area. However Ottoman warriors were good fighters and their rulers were smart men. Therefore they captured all of mini-states that is left out from Seljuk Empire. They became a great power in the area, especially after the conquest of Constantinople. You may check from this article Ottoman Empire Map the growth of Ottoman Empire from a little kingdom into a massive empire.

Seljuk Empire Sybmol
Seljuk Empire Sybmol

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